Archive for the ‘Fiber’ Category

Energy Density & Fiber

Monday, July 2nd, 2012

I read two studies from the May issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics for continuing education credit. I normally don’t post about such studies, but these two were rather interesting.

Energy density is a way to measure food in calories per weight. Generally, this means that foods high in fiber and water are going to have lower energy density. A meta-analysis of 17 studies in adults and six studies in children found that low energy density foods were associated with lower fat mass and lead to improved weight loss and weight maintenance among both adults and children (1).

But when it comes to fiber intake, Americans barely increased their fiber intake from 1999 to 2008; it changed from 15.6 to 15.9 grams per day. The recommended amount of fiber for adults is 25 to 38 grams per day (or 14 grams per 1,000 calories consumed).


1. PĂ©rez-Escamilla R, Obbagy JE, Altman JM, Essery EV, McGrane MM, Wong YP, Spahn JM, Williams CL. Dietary energy density and body weight in adults and children: a systematic review. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May;112(5):671-84. | link

2. King DE, Mainous AG 3rd, Lambourne CA. Trends in dietary fiber intake in the United States, 1999-2008. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 May;112(5):642-8. Epub 2012 Apr 25. | link

Fiber Reduces Colon Polyps in Adventist Health Studies

Thursday, February 2nd, 2012

A study was released today showing that fiber intake was associated with a reduced risk of developing a colon polyp (.71, .59-.99). The clearest effect was of fiber from vegetables (including legumes) (0.65, .47-.90).

The study measured diet during the Adventist Health Study in 1976 and then followed up during the Adventist Health Study-2 between 2002 and 2005. The Adventist Health Study included a large proportion of vegetarians.

I only have access to the abstract at this time:

Tantamango YM, Knutsen SF, Beeson L, Fraser G, Sabate J. Association between dietary fiber and incident cases of colon polyps: the adventist health study. Gastrointest Cancer Res. 2011 Sep;4(5-6):161-7. (link)