Cholesterol Levels in Vegans: EPIC-Oxford Study
I have updated the blood lipids section of the VeganHealth.org article, Disease Markers of Vegetarians, with a new report from EPIC-Oxford measuring the cholesterol levels of 422 vegans living in the UK (1).
Vegan men had an average total cholesterol level of 170 mg/dl compared to 204 mg/dl for non-vegetarians. Vegan women had an average cholesterol level of 172 mg/dl compared to 195 mg/dl for non-vegetarians. More results, including those for lacto-ovo and pesco-vegetarians, can be seen in Table 1 (link).
Vegans also had a significantly lower amount of apolipoprotein B which is thought to promote fat deposits in the arteries.
The authors of the study suggest that vegans have lower cholesterol levels due to a lower body mass index, replacement of saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats, and higher fiber intakes.
1. Bradbury KE, Crowe FL, Appleby PN, Schmidt JA, Travis RC, Key TJ. Serum concentrations of cholesterol, apolipoprotein A-I and apolipoprotein B in a total of 1694 meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Dec 18. [Epub ahead of print] | link